Health and Fitness

Secondary Infertility Causes and Treatment Options

What is Secondary Infertility?

Secondary infertility occurs when a couple has previously had at least one child but is unable to conceive another child after one year of well-timed, repeated attempts. This can be due to a variety of factors, including a change in the male partner or newly developed fertility issues. 

Although it is believed that secondary infertility is uncommon, it affects approximately 11% of couples who already have a child. It is more common than primary infertility. This occurs when a couple tries to conceive for the first time and experiences infertility. 

IVF center in Kompally provides a wide range of infertility treatment options for both men and women. They have established themselves as trusted healthcare service providers in the field of reproductive medicine. Have expanded to 17 centers in India. 

What are the Causes of Secondary Infertility?

Causes of secondary infertility in women include:

  • Problems in the egg quality or quantity: As women reach their forties and beyond, the number of eggs remaining in their ovaries decreases, and the remaining eggs are more likely to be chromosomally abnormal. Other reasons for a low number of good quality eggs in women who are not concerned about their age include autoimmune or genetic conditions and prior surgery or radiation. 
  • Uterine problems: There are numerous uterine conditions that can lead to secondary infertility. Scarring can occur during a Cesarean delivery or a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure, causing adhesions inside the uterus that interrupt future pregnancies. Fibroids and polyps are non-cancerous (benign) growths inside the uterus that can interfere with pregnancy. A retained placenta can lead to uterine scarring and infection. 
  • Problems with the fallopian tubes: Pelvic infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea can cause the fallopian tubes, which transport eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, to become blocked. 
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus spreads to other parts of the body, such as the ovaries or bowel surfaces. While endometriosis is common, it does not always result in infertility. 
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: This is a hormonal disorder characterized by irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles. A woman with this condition has an abnormally high level of male hormones. Her ovaries fail to release eggs on a regular basis. 
  • Weight gain: Weight gain can cause ovary dysfunction in some patients, and certain diets can affect fertility. 
  • Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding stops a woman from ovulating or releasing eggs for fertilization.

What are the Treatment Options for Secondary Infertility?

Secondary infertility, like primary infertility, can be treated in a variety of ways. Secondary infertility can affect both men and women, and treatments are available for both. Some of them are listed below. 

  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): In this procedure, eggs and sperm are combined outside of the body to form an embryo, which is then implanted directly into the uterus.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): During ovulation, a partner’s or donor’s sperm is concentrated and placed directly in a woman’s uterine cavity. This brings the sperm as close to the fallopian tubes as possible, where fertilization occurs.
  • Surgery: Surgery can be used to treat uterine problems in women. Doctors can repair structural issues in the uterus by removing scar tissue, polyps, and fibroids. Testicular varicocele repair surgery is done to treat male infertility.
  • Infertility Medications: Clomiphene Citrate and Letrozole are two common oral medications used to stimulate ovarian follicles and cause the release of more eggs. To produce multiple eggs in a single reproductive cycle. Injectable medications such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are commonly used.
  • Antioxidants and anti-aging supplements: These supplements can help men become more fertile. Drug therapy can also improve sperm quality.

Conclusion:

Some people believe that because they have had at least one child, they will have no trouble having another. Statistically, more than 90% of companions will undoubtedly bear a child within two years of having unprotected sexual intercourse on a regular basis with little treatment. When a couple has been trying to conceive for a year or more with no success, a visit to Oasis Fertility Kompally is recommended. They are one of the trusted health centers in the field of reproductive medicine. They provide best-in-class treatment for all infertility problems with expertise and have high success rates.

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