Health and Fitness

Answers to Your Questions About Embryo Transfer in IVF

What is Embryo Transfer?

Embryo transfer is the final stage of in vitro fertilization (IVF). The transfer of a fertilized embryo to a woman’s uterus is a critical step the in the Vitro fertilization process. 

In the fertility centre in Gachibowli, fertility medications are used during IVF to stimulate the ovaries into producing healthy eggs. After that, these eggs are taken out of a woman’s ovaries and fertilized in a laboratory. The fertilized eggs multiply and are then transferred to the woman’s uterus. After that, for a pregnancy to start, the embryo needs to attach itself to the uterine or womb wall. 

Process of Embryo Transfer

Egg Retrieval

Once the follicles are fully developed, the egg retrieval procedure is used to remove the eggs from the ovaries. The eggs are fertilized with sperm, and the following day, the eggs are checked for signs of fertilization. A suitable number of embryos are then transferred to the uterus a few days later.

Embryo Transfer

The doctor inserts the embryo transfer catheter, which is filled with embryos, through the cervical opening and into the middle of the uterine cavity. Simultaneously, abdominal ultrasound is used to track the catheter tip’s advancement to the appropriate spot. Then the doctor transfers the embryos to the lining of the endometrium once the tip is in the proper place. If an embryo is retained uncommonly, the transfer procedure is repeated immediately and tests under a microscope for any retained embryos.

Embryo Placement

The ideal location to place the embryos in the uterine cavity has been determined through research on the placement of embryos. The best place to place embryos is in the middle of the endometrial cavity, halfway between the internal os of the cervix and the top of the uterine fundus (top of the cavity). Pregnancies can occur with embryos placed sub endometrial, but success rates are lower.

IVF centre in Gachibowli provides best-in-class fertility specialists who are experts in providing exceptional IVF treatment with the utmost care and compassion.

How Soon After the IVF Transfer Does the Embryo Implant? 

On days 5-7 after fertilization, a healthy human embryo will emerge from its shell and implant hours later. Therefore, on day 3 and day 5, respectively, between 2 and 5 days and 1 to 3 days following a transfer, the embryo actually invades the uterine wall and attaches to it.

How Soon After IVF Should You Test for Pregnancy?

A blood test is done to see if she is pregnant about 9 to 11 days (9 days for transfers on day 5 and 11 days for transfers on day 3) after the transfer. The mother’s blood will contain HCG hormone if embryo implantation occurs. 

It is not recommended to have a urine pregnancy test (HPT) after IVF. A blood test is much more accurate and dependable than a urine test.

How many embryos can be implanted through IVF?

The likelihood that an embryo will implant declines as woman ages, especially after 32.  After discussing the quality of their embryos and how it affects the risks of multiple pregnancies versus the risk of not conceiving at all, the doctor leaves the couple to choose how many embryos will be transferred. 

Pregnancy with a singleton is the most secure from the baby’s perspective. When the female partner is under the age of 38, the majority choose to replace two embryos, two or three when she is 38-40, and three or four (if they have that many) when she is 41 or older. This is because couples are more concerned about IVF failure than they are about the risks of twins.

What Activities are Restricted Following IVF Transfer

In the IVF centre in Gachibowli, patients are asked to lie on their backs for 1 hour after embryo transfer. They will also be asked to refrain from physical activity for the rest of that day. This means staying in bed for the rest of the day and night following the IVF transfer. Normal activities, such as walking around, working, daily living activities etc., can be done from the following day after the embryo transfer. 

Heavy uterine bouncing is prohibited until after the pregnancy test. Water skiing, jogging, and other high-impact activities are probably not a good idea. It is safe to resume all of those enjoyable activities once pregnant.

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